老c队长 | 国内玛莎拉蒂追尾了宝马,美国酒后驾驶怎么处理呢 - 西安新闻网-软银中国风险投资
西安新闻网

老c队长 | 国内玛莎拉蒂追尾了宝马,美国酒后驾驶怎么处理呢

RT5OOMG6OLuoGg

最近,河南谭姓女性醉酒驾驶玛莎拉蒂赶上宝马,造成2人死亡,4人受伤不断报道。

RVYMZ1qIzMdSX2

从李天一开始,每个人都开始关注酒后驾车和醉酒驾驶。看到名人效应比发酵更快。

不仅在中国,而且在国外,还有很多酒后驾车和醉酒驾驶。他们如何处理这个问题?船长对这种国内外比较的比较也非常好奇。让我们看一下今年第四期的报告《人民法治》。

在德克萨斯州,这位54岁的卡车司机斯托瓦尔从来都不是新闻人,但2011年的醉酒驾驶使他在国内外出名了几天,引发了学术界的无数讨论。事实上,事件的起因并不复杂。斯托瓦像往常一样,喝了几杯黄汤后,开着卡车上路了。在酗酒的情况下,卡车在路上穿梭。幸运的是,在一个人受伤后,他们被警察拦下了。血液测试表明,Stowa血液中的酒精浓度超过了标准4倍,这已经成为德克萨斯州刑法中的一项罪行。

但话说回来,美国的酒后驾车从未成为新闻。 2002年的一项调查显示,同年,在美国大约有1.59亿人醉酒驾车。如果美国3亿人的平均数相当于每两个美国人,那么至少有一个人在同一年喝醉了。当然,数学计算不等于现实。根据实际调查,只有2.3%的18岁以上的美国成年人承认酒后驾车。换句话说,大多数美国司机都能够清理自己,但在一些酒后驾车历史的“道路杀手”中,普通人每年最多可以驾驶23次。而更引人注目的数字是这些“杀手”司机在被警方首次逮捕之前平均喝醉了87次。

斯托娃先生显然属于这个少数群体。事实上,在此次逮捕之前,他已经因醉酒驾驶而被判有8人被定罪。其他未被发现的醉酒驾驶仍然未知。根据德克萨斯州刑法的规定,如果它只是第一次犯罪者,酒精浓度超过4倍只是一种轻罪。大多数后果是暂时停止驾驶执照,以加强系统,最多加上罚款。但是,如果有两个以上的醉酒驾驶,它将自动升级为重罪。从理论上讲,处罚可以达到终身监禁。然而,在此案之前,终身监禁只停留在理论上,因为在德克萨斯州的2500万人中,没有人因酒后驾车而在狱中度过余生。甚至像Stowa先生这样习惯性的醉酒司机也被一辆卡车赶到了德克萨斯州的街头,尽管他们已被绳之以法三次和五次。因此,对于第九次酒后驾车,斯托瓦多没有把它放在一半。在我眼里,我想,就像以前的八次一样,我几天都不能入狱,然后我可以继续在街上闲逛,享受黄塘的味道。然而,他的惊喜实际上是出乎意料的。在这个Stova入狱后,他可能无法一辈子出来。在主审案件中,法官认为斯托瓦一再通过自己的行为证明他是一个完全没有保护的“道路杀手”。经常说服,劝诫甚至短期监禁根本不起作用。只有终身监禁才能真正让他在饮酒后停止驾驶。结果,斯托瓦可能无意中成为世界上第一个被判处终身监禁的司机,纯粹是为了酒后驾车。

当Stova的决定被报道时,它立即引起了美国和世界许多国家的骚动。在今天的“轮子上的世界”中,虽然酒后驾车一直是街头老鼠,但由于醉酒司机一般不是最邪恶的,往往缺乏实际的伤害后果,所以在人们的心理预期中,只需要罚款,扣除,简短 - 拘留等措施足以惩罚和震惊。只有当酒后驾车导致恶性伤亡时,才有必要施加更严厉的刑事处罚。即便如此,与谋杀,绑架,强奸,贩毒等犯罪相比,即使伤亡的后果相似,醉酒驾驶员的主观恶意也大不相同。正是由于这个原因,世界上对醉酒驾驶员的惩罚通常远低于同样后果的暴力犯罪。例如,在中国,一名导致一人死亡并承担全部责任的醉酒驾驶员只有三岁;即使很多人死亡,如果他们仍然被判交通事故,最糟糕的结果是七年徒刑。只有当酒后驾车涉及某些特殊情况时,费用和处罚才会发生变化。例如,在孙伟明的案件中,鉴于其未经许可的驾驶,醉酒驾驶,逃逸和多次违规行为,一审法院最终判定危害公共安全罪并判处他死刑。

However, compared to Sun Weiming, Stowa’s life imprisonment always looks awkward. After all, in addition to causing minor injuries, Stova has never had any serious consequences. Strictly speaking, if the Texas Criminal Law does not stipulate that recidivism should be aggravated, then Stova’s nine drunk driving is basically a misdemeanor, which is equivalent to China’s minor traffic violations. Even the crimes are not counted. Detained for a few days, not to mention life imprisonment. It is for this reason that when the Stova case was judged, the opposition from the academic circles quickly rose. Many people have accused judges of abusing discretion and undermining the principle of adapting to crimes. The punishment of Stova is too strict, so that he may be in prison for just a few cups of yellow soup. It should be noted that this is not only the voice of the general public, but many people in the legal profession, especially criminal defense lawyers, who are also extremely opposed to the sentence of Stowa's life imprisonment. When I saw this report, I also happened to be a guest at a US judge's house, and I asked the judges and couples about the case. Both have years of legal experience and almost replied in unison that life imprisonment is excessive and that imprisonment of about 10 years may be relatively appropriate.

xxBut on the other hand, the Stova case also received a lot of support, especially from the police and prosecutors. For example, the local Attorney General complained in response to the criticism. "If Stova takes a gun and shoots blindly on the street, then it is estimated that he will not be criticized for life imprisonment. In fact, in this case, Stova But it is just a gun like his gun." This is not without reason. In fact, everyone knows that Stowa has no cure, and the usual punishment methods, whether forced learning, revocation of driver's license or short-term imprisonment, can't stop him from drunk driving. To a certain extent, he is like a mentally ill person with a serious violent tendency. If he is allowed to go far above the street, hurting people and even killing people are completely foreseeable consequences. However, according to the current law, it is impossible to carry out the medical confinement of Stova like a mental patient to avoid harming society. In this way, the use of penal measures to imprison him for life may be the only choice for the judiciary. Strictly speaking, Stowa is not necessarily in the prison for the rest of his life, because the judge's judgment does not require no parole, so according to the Texas Criminal Law, as long as Stova is determined to repent, he will be released on parole after five years. Of course, if he still has difficulty resisting the temptation of alcohol, the parole time may be pushed to 10 or even 15 years later. Stowe is 54 years old. If he is released on parole after 15 years, it is estimated that the possibility of getting on the road after drinking is not great.

xx谈到美国的经验和教训,它可能对刚刚进入汽车社会的中国产生影响。一个现实是,由于相对特殊的饮酒文化和执法环境,中国的醉酒驾车可能已经成为世界上最好的。近年来,由于反复发生恶性伤亡事件,公众对醉酒驾驶的理解得到了显着改善,尤其是孙伟明和胡斌。在全国人民代表大会修改时《刑法》,它也遵守了舆论,严厉惩罚了酒驾等危险的驾驶行为。与此同时,地方公安机关大大提高了酒后驾车执法和执法的频率。特殊时期的体育执法能够获得短期效果。但是,虽然我们必须取得两项成就,但我们也需要保持清醒。来自其他山丘的石头,可以学习。西方汽车大国与醉酒驾驶之间的对抗历史警告我们,一次严厉的惩罚可能会造成更多的Stova案件,但不可能一劳永逸地解决酒后驾车问题。使用司法,执法,教育,医学,科学和技术等综合手段可能是一种相对更有效的方法。

Stowe年龄54岁。如果他等到15年后才被假释,那么估计喝酒后上路的可能性不大。然而,名叫谭的女人是第一个喝醉并逃跑的女人,逃生路径再次出现。死了.哦,不,它还活着,还在燃烧,它们都被碳化了。如果没有被判处死刑,这种严重危害公共安全死亡的行为可能是一个笑话。但是,我将图片拉到文章上方并查看了它。我真的很担心。

RVYMZ2P2lSivMb

重播笔记

关于周末的消息,没有明显的利好消息,船长认为它仍然存在偏见。

在板材选择方面,除军事,环保,金银外,其他都很难操作,但你不必过于担心,而且跌落的空间也不会太大。

According to the current market situation, the captain is currently 60% of positions, if the downward fluctuations will continue to increase positions, if you go up, choose to continue to sell some positions. It’s really boring to have a big ups and downs, and sleep, good night.

xx